Sunday, May 20, 2018

Mangifera indica – tropical fruit of mango

Mangos belong to the genus Mangifera of the family Anacardiaceae. The genus Mangifera contains several species that bear edible fruit. Most of the fruit trees that are commonly known as mangos belong to the species Mangifera indica.

Mangoes are a very popular tropical fruit. People have become quite fond of mangoes. Dried mangos, mango / mint salsa, mango pudding, mango slices – and even bread recipes are becoming more and more popular.

It is found in the wild in India and cultivated varieties have been introduced to other warm regions of the world. It is the largest fruit-tree in the world, capable of a height of one-hundred feet and an average circumference of twelve to fourteen feet, sometimes reaching twenty.

Fruit an irregularly egg-shaped and slightly compressed fleshy drupe, 8-12 (max. 30) cm long, attached at the broadest end on a pendulous stalk. The skin smooth, greenish-yellow, sometimes tinged with red. The underlying yellow-orange flesh varies in quality from soft, sweet, juicy and fibre-free in high-quality selected (clonal) varieties to turpentine flavoured and fibrous in wild seedlings. The single, compressed-ovoid seed is encased in the white fibrous inner layer of the fruit.

When ripe, this delicious dessert fruit is particularly high in vitamin A. The fruit is also eaten green, processed into pickles, pulps, jams, and chutneys, and is frozen or dried. The fruit is also an important source of sustenance for birds, bats, insects, and mammals.

Mango puree can be kept for virtually a year before it is no longer usable as long as it is kept frozen. Once made a mango puree, remember to freeze it. Slicing off the exact amount needed for any marinade, cream, sauce, sorbet or whatever recipe discovered.

Mangiferin, being a polyphenolic antioxidant and a glucosyl xanthone, it has strong antioxidant, anti lipid peroxidation, immunomodulation, cardiotonic, hypotensive, wound healing, antidegenerative and antidiabetic activities.
Mangifera indica – tropical fruit of mango
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