Saturday, April 24, 2021

Physiological functions of calcium in human body

The name calcium is derived from Latin word calas meaning lime was known as early as the first centuries when the ancient Romans prepared lime as CaO.

Calcium is a biologically relevant element to plants and animals. In animals, the calcium ions are associated with various physiological and pathological processes.

#Calcium is responsible for construction, formation and maintenance of bone and teeth. This function helps reduce the occurrence of osteoporosis.
#Calcium is a vital component in blood clotting systems and also helps in wound healing.
#Calcium helps to control blood pressure.
#Calcium is an essential component in the production of enzymes and hormones that regulate digestion, energy, and fat metabolism.
#Calcium plays an important role in signal transduction pathways, where they act as a second messenger, in neurotransmitter release from neurons, in contraction of all muscle cell types, and in fertilization.
#Calcium helps to transport ions (electrically charged particles) across the membrane.
# Excitation of skeletal and cardiac muscle contraction.
#Transmission of nervous tissue impulses.
#Calcium assists in maintaining all cells and connective tissues in the body.
#Calcium may be helpful to reduce the incidence of premature heart disease, especially if adequate intakes of magnesium are also maintained.
#Calcium may help to prevent periodontal disease (gum disease).

The requirements are greatest during the period of growth such as childhood, during pregnancy, when breast feeding.
Physiological functions of calcium in human body

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